The Highest form of generalship is to balk the enemy’s plan. Sun Tzu
The key idea in corruption prevention is . . . prevention. To stop something from happening before it can occur. Indeed, prevention is the heart of “anti-corruption.” This is discussed further in Gradients of Anti-Corruption and is depicted in the graphic above.
The Gradients are:
Yet many “anti-corruption” programs are focused primarily on criminal investigation, with only the barest nod toward “prevention” and usually only in the simplest forms of Awareness: rallys, t-shirts and banners (with appropriate sponsor identification).
Frankly, Anti-Corruption that is primarily focused on criminal investigation adds nothing new – we already have highly skilled law enforcement professionals that can gather evidence and investigate crimes after the crimes have taken place. Anti-Corruption professionals that function as “criminal investigators” are redundant.
Moreover, many corrupt activities (those activities that cause the decay of society) are perfectly legal and are distinguished from crime. Indeed, we might say that there is no point in using the word “Anti-Corruption” if we only focus on crime – we can call it . . . crime.
“Fighting crime” is fundamentally important. But fear of punishment has seldom been successful as a long-term strategy.
Real corruption prevention must look beyond the apparency of social order imposed by government and a focus on the fundamental characteristics of society as a group, and its institutions – strengthening these, and developing/supporting those social mechanisms that correct behavior before they lead to social decay and crime.
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